A Guide to QuarkXPress Server 2019

The QuarkXPress Server user interface

QuarkXPress Server offers a browser-based user interface. This chapter describes how you can use it to configure and customize your QuarkXPress Server application and manage your server XTensions modules.

To view the QuarkXPress Server welcome page, launch a Web browser and enter the URL http://[server]:[port] (where [server] is the IP address or domain name of the server and [port] is the TCP/IP port on which the server is running). The welcome screen displays.

The QuarkXPress Server welcome page

To display the administrative client, click Open Admin Client. If the server has realm verification enabled, you will be asked to enter your user name and password. The administrative client displays.

Navigation pane

Status Monitor  screen

 

The navigation pane on the left side has two areas shown in the lower left. The Server Information area lets you view server information and the transaction log, and the Document Pool area lets you view the contents of the document pool. You can collapse and expand this pane with the button at the right end of the Navigation Pane header.

If you click Server Information, the Status Monitor screen displays.

This screen shows the following usage reporting metrics:

1. Server Name: Name or IP of the machine running QuarkXPress Server.

2. Server Startup time: Shows the date and time at which the QuarkXPress Server Service was launched.

3. Active Renderers: Represents the number of renderers busy processing a rendering job. This updates dynamically.

4. Idle Renderers: Represents the number of renderers in an idle state. This updates dynamically.

5. Observation Time: The time period during which the server’s activity is monitored to collect performance metrics.

6. Busy Time: Sum of all time periods when the server is busy processing at least one rendering transaction.

For Example: Busy Time = Busy Period 1 + Busy Period 2 + Busy Period 3 + … + Busy Period n, where Tr1, Tr2, …Trn represent incoming rendering transactions.
Busy Time: Transactions Vs. Observation Period

 

7. Server Utilization: The percentage of server capacity used during the Observation Time

Utilization (%) = (Busy Time /Observation Time) * 100.

For Example: For an Observation Time of 50 minutes if the server is busy for  40 minutes, the Server Utilization(%) = (40 / 50) * 100 =  80%.

8. Rendering Throughput: The average number of rendering transactions completed during Busy Time.

Rendering Throughput = total rendering transactions completed / Busy Time.

For example, if 150 rendering transactions are completed in a busy time of 50 minutes, then the throughput would be 150/50 = 3 transactions / min.

9. Arrival Rate: The number of arrivals per unit of time.

Arrival Rate = Total transactions arrived / Observation Time

For example, for a total of 1500 rendering requests arrived, during 50 minutes Observation Time, the Arrival Rate  = 1500/50 = 30 transactions / minute.

10. Response Time for a rendering transaction: It is the total time taken to complete a transaction from its submission to completion.

Response Time= Queue Time + Processing Time

For example if a  server running with 2 the rendering transaction Tr1 goes to renderer1, Tr2 goes to renderer2, Tr3 waits in queue until one of the renderer becomes free. The response time for each rendering transaction is as shown below.
Response Time: Transactions Vs. Time

 

11. Average Response Time: Average amount of time taken to complete a transaction from its submission to completion.

For Example:

Time taken to complete transaction 1 = Tr1

Time taken to complete transaction 2 = Tr2

Time taken to complete transaction n = Trn

Average Response Time =   (Tr1 + Tr2 + … + Trn) / n

12. Peak Response Time: The highest response times recorded during a given observation time.

For example, if during a given Observation Time, if response times for various rendering transactions are as below,

Tr1 = 7 sec

Tr2 = 15 sec 

Tr3 = 2 sec

Tr4 = 2 sec

Tr5 = 20 sec

Trn = 4 sec

Peak Response Time = MAX(7,15,2,2,20 …4) = 20 sec.

13. Average Queue Time: The average time a rendering job stays in the queue before it gets processed. The average queue time = total queue time / total rendering transactions completed.

For example, if the total queue time is 3 minutes (i.e. 180 seconds) and 150 transactions are completed, then the Average Queue Time = (3 * 60) /150 = 1.2 seconds

14. Peak Queue Time: The highest waiting time a rendering job stays in the queue.

For example, if during a given Observation Time, the waiting times are:

Tr1 = 0 sec

Tr2 = 5 sec 

Tr3 = 2 sec

Trn = 4 sec

Peak Queue Time = MAX(0,5,2, …4) = 5 sec.

15. Current Queue Length: The number of rendering jobs waiting in the queue to be processed.

16. Peak Queue Length: The highest queue lengths recorded during a given observation time.

17. Rendering Requests: The total number of transactions delegated to renderers during a given observation time (e.g. PDF, JPG, /getprojinfo, /jobjacket, /getrendererprefs, /setrendererprefs, etc).

18. Pages Rendered: Sum total of all pages rendered for each rendering transaction during a busy time.

19. Images Processed: Sum total of all image files either imported or rendered as a part of the rendering transaction during the observation time.

20. Average Rendering Time Per Page: The average time taken to render a page. Average rendering time per page = busy time / total pages rendered.

For example, if a total of 15000 pages are rendered when the server was busy for 50 minutes (i.e. 3000 sec), the Average Rendering Time Per Page = (50*60)/15000 = 0.2 seconds

21. Total Renditions: The number of renditions of various formats rendered by the server during the observation time. By default, this includes PDF, JPEG, HTML5, EPUB, KINDLE, APPSTUDIO, EPS, XML, PNG, CopyDesk Articles, QuarkXPress Projects.

22. Failed Transactions Count: The number of failed transactions.

23. Error Rate: The percentage of failed transactions during the Observation Time.

For example if out of 500 rendering transactions, if 10 transactions failed, then the Error Rate (%) =  (10 / 500) * 100 =  2%.

24. RESET button: Clicking on the reset button results in the following sequence of actions:

  • The server usage information recorded during the Observation Time is backed up to a backup file (Telemetry.json) within the QuarkXPress Server logs folder.

  • Clears all the server usage information displayed in the Status Monitor page of Admin UI by resetting the values to zero.

  • Starts a fresh Observation Time under which all the usage information will be freshly recorded again.

The icons in the area below represent the renderers that are currently running and show which requests are being processed by each renderer in real time. This screen also shows the number of active and idle renderers.

The information for the Observation Time can be downloaded as a backup (step-5). A file named “Telemetry.json” is downloaded in association with the .zip archive downloaded using the Download Logs button under  Manage Logs.

REST interface for usage data:

http://<servernameorip>:8080/telemetry

http://<servernameorip>:8080/cleartelemetry

If you click Manage Logs, the Logs screen displays the current transaction log.

Logs screen
  • To download the active log including recent crash reports, click Download Logs at the top of the Logs header.

  • To make the log scroll automatically as events occur, check Auto Scroll.

  • To clear all logs, click Clear All Logs.

  • To clear the current log, click Clear Log.

  • To display the Log Settings dialog box, click Log Settings. In this dialog box, you can change the maximum log file size, the maximum rolling count, and the logging level for the general QuarkXPress Server log, the QuarkXPress Server transaction log, and the QuarkXPress Server fatal log.

  • Each transaction entry in the QuarkXPress Server transaction log has some useful information related to request URI, time taken for rendering, rendered output size, pages generated, images processed, average time per page, time/duration a transaction has waited in the queue before it got processed(queue time), queue length, and the number of other transactions still waiting in the queue at the time it was processed. 

  • To view a particular log file, choose an option from the Select Log File drop-down menu.

If you click Show XTensions Information, the XTensions Information screen displays, allowing you to view the status of all installed XTensions modules.

If you click Manage Fonts, a list of fonts installed on the Server machine is displayed.

Fonts screen

To search fonts, use the list search box in the top right corner.

To add fonts to the Server machine, click the Add Fonts button. This will copy the fonts to the "privatefonts" folder in the QuarkXPress Renderer folder.

Administration menu

The administration menu lets you manage QuarkXPress Server.

You do not have to restart the server in GUI mode to set preferences.

General Preferences dialog box

The General Preferences dialog box (Administration > Preferences > General) lets you set preferences that are not related to rendering. It includes the tabs described in the following topics.

You can also set general preferences using the setprefs request handler. For more information, see "setprefs."

General Preferences — Server

The Server tab (Administration > Preferences > General > Server) includes the following controls.

Use the Document Root Folder field to specify the location of the document pool.

Putting the document pool on a network connected drive is not recommended, because this negatively impacts the performance of QuarkXPress Server.

Use the Allow Memory Caching check box to control whether memory is cached.

Use the Max Memory Cache Size field to specify the maximum memory size allocated to the cache memory. Valid values are from 10MB to 1024MB.

Use the Force Served Documents Closed check box to control whether QuarkXPress Server closes projects from the document pool after it renders them, regardless of the Telegraph XTensions software setting. Uncheck this box to keep such projects open on the server.

Use the Default Renderer Type drop-down menu to specify the default rendering format for the server.

  • Appstudio: Returns a .zip file containing an HTML5 App Studio article.

  • Appstudio Upload: Exports an HTML5 App Studio article and uploads it to the App Studio Publishing Portal.

  • ePUB: Returns an ePUB file.

  • EPS Document: Returns an Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) file.

  • JPEG: Returns a JPEG file.

  • PDF: Returns a PDF file.

  • PNG: Returns a Portable Network Graphics (PNG) file.

  • PostScript: Returns a PostScript file.

  • QCDDOC: Returns a QuarkCopyDesk article.

  • QuarkXPress Document: Returns a QuarkXPress project.

  • Raw Custom: Returns a file in internal QuarkXPress format for use by server XTensions software developers.

  • RLE Raw Custom: Returns a file in internal QuarkXPress format (compressed using Run Length Encoding) for use by server XTensions software developers.

Use the Scale field to specify the default scale percentage at which QuarkXPress Server should render projects.

Use the Disable QXD Return check box to specify whether QuarkXPress Server can return QuarkXPress projects to clients.

General Preferences — Log

The Log tab (Administration > Preferences > General > Log) includes the following controls.

Use the Log Document Problems check box to specify whether to include problem descriptions in transaction log files. The "Log" folder inside the QuarkXPress Server application folder contains three log files:

  • QuarkXPress Server Fatal Log.log: This log lists all fatal errors.

  • QuarkXPress Server Log.log: The log for the Java process. This log contains source code-level logging information that can be useful in troubleshooting.

  • QuarkXPress Server Transaction Log.log: This log lists all transactions and all errors.

Detailed application logging is enabled for these log files only if it is enabled in the "log4j.xml" file.

To log detailed transaction timing data, check Log Timing Data.

Logged problems include the following:

  • Missing Fonts: If fonts are missing from a project that has been requested for rendering, a one-line description of each missing font is added to the error log. If QuarkXPress Server receives a request to render a project and does not have access to the fonts required by the project, it uses the fonts specified in the Fonts tab of the Preferences dialog box (Administration > Preferences > General). If these fonts are also unavailable, QuarkXPress Server substitutes Helvetica (macOS) or Arial (Windows). This behavior is the same as it is in QuarkXPress.

  • Missing Pictures

  • Missing SXTs: If a required server XTensions module is missing when a rendering request is received, a one-line description of each missing module is added to the error log. If the name of the missing module is not returnable, the XTensions module ID number is returned.

  • Text Encoding/Character Set Problems: If text is sent to a text box in the template and the system does not have access to the correct font glyph, the issue is logged. The log data indicates the character set that the system attempted to convert. For example, the log entry might show that a request for Japanese characters was sent to an English project.

Information about missing fonts and missing pictures is also recorded in the "QuarkXPressServerRenderer.log" file. This file also contains detailed timing information, including the transaction UID for each transaction. This log file can be found here:

  • macOS: [drive]/Users/[user name]/Library/Logs/Quark

  • Windows: [drive]:\Program Files\Quark\QuarkXPress Server 2017\log

To download all logs to a non-server computer, click Show Transaction Log in the QuarkXPress Server Web interface, then click Download Logs on the home page.

General Preferences — Email

QuarkXPress Server can automatically notify someone by e-mail when the checked-out QLA license is about to expire. The Email tab (Administration > Preferences > General > Email) lets you specify where such e-mail messages should be sent.

Use the Server field to specify the domain name or IP address of the e-mail server that QuarkXPress Server should use to send messages (for example, mail.quark.com).

Use the Port field to specify the port number of the e-mail server that QuarkXPress Server should use to send messages. Valid values are from 0 to 255.

Use the From to specify the source e-mail address the QuarkXPress Server application should use to send messages (for example, QXPSserver1@quark.com).

Use the To to specify the e-mail address to which the QuarkXPress Server application should send messages (for example, QXPServerAdmin@quark.com).

General Preferences — Authentication

The Authentication tab (Administration > Preferences > General > Authentication) includes the following controls.

Check Authenticate For Admin Requests to enable the Username and Password fields. These fields let you control access to administrative parameters and features. You can enter up to 32 characters.

Renderer Preferences dialog box

Use the renderer Preferences dialog box (Administration > Preferences > Renderer) to set up default preferences for use when projects are created in QuarkXPress Server. It includes the tabs described in the following topics.

Many of these preferences come into play only when you create a project in QuarkXPress Server, either using a construct request or through a request handled by a custom QuarkXPress Server XTensions module.

You can also set renderer preferences using the setrendererprefs request handler. For more information, see"setrendererprefs."

Preferences — Display

The Display pane (Administration > Preferences > Renderer > Display) includes the following controls.

Use the Color TIFFs drop-down list to specify the color depth of screen previews created for color TIFFs when they are imported.

Use the Gray TIFFs drop-down list to specify the resolution of screen previews created for grayscale TIFFs when they are imported.

Choose a profile that corresponds to your monitor from the Monitor Profile drop-down menu, or choose Automatic. Profiles can be placed in the "Profiles" folder in the QuarkXPress Server application folder.

Preferences — Input Settings

The Input Settings tab (Administration > Preferences > Renderer > Input Settings) includes the following controls.

Check Smart Quotes to force QuarkXPress to replace feet (')and inches (") marks automatically with the specified quotation marks.

Use the Format drop-down menu to specify the default characters to be used with the Smart Quotes feature and Convert Quotes option in the Get Text dialog box (File > Get Text).

To change the separators used for indicating sequential ranges for output, enter a value in the Sequential Page Range Separator. This value override the preferences set for a project.

To change the separators used for indicating nonsequential ranges for output, enter a value in the Non Sequential Page Range Separator. This value override the preferences set for a project.

Preferences — Font Fallback

The Font Fallback pane (Administration > Preferences > Renderer > Font Fallback) includes the following controls.

Check Font Fallback to activate the Font Fallback feature. When this feature is active, if the application encounters a character it cannot display in the current font, it attempts to find a font that can display the character.

If the application encounters a missing font when opening a project, it uses the preferences in this pane to determine which substitute fonts to use.

If you add characters to an existing project and the font cannot support those characters, the application will search the system for a font that can display the characters.

Check Search to have the application search for a suitable font that is used in the active project. To restrict the search to a particular range, choose an option from the Search Type drop-down menu. To search the entire story where a missing font occurs, choose Active Story. To search a particular number of paragraphs in both directions, choose Paragraph and enter a number in the Search Limit field.

To indicate which fallback fonts should be used when no other font can be found (taking the Search settings into account), choose options from each of the drop-down menus in the Font List area.

To indicate which font should be used for the slug line when a layout is printed with registration marks turned on, choose an option from the Slug Line Font drop-down menu.

Preferences — Open and Save

The Open and Save pane (Administration > Preferences > Renderer > Open and Save) includes the following controls.

Choose an option from the Encoding drop-down menu to indicate how the applications should display characters in non-Unicode text.

Preferences — Fonts

The Fonts pane (Administration > Preferences > Renderer > Fonts) includes the following controls.

To specify default replacement fonts, check Specify Default Replacement Font and choose options from the Roman and East Asian drop-down menu.

To highlight characters that are in a Traditional Chinese encoding's UDA/VDA (User Defined Area/Vendor Defined Area) range so that these characters can be visually verified, check Highlight character ranges defined by Traditional Chinese font vendors.

Preferences — EPS

The EPS pane (Administration > Preferences > Renderer > EPS) includes the following controls.

To control whether the application should generate a preview of an EPS file or use the preview (if any) embedded in the file, choose an option from the Preview drop-down list. The option specified in this pane is used only when the EPS preview is being created. If you change the preference, you need to reimport the EPS file.

Preferences — PDF

Use the PDF pane of the Preferences dialog box (Administration > Preferences > Renderer > PDF) to set preferences for rendering in PDF format.

The PDF pane displays only if PDF Filter XTensions software is loaded. For more information, see "PDF Filter XTensions software."

Use this pane to specify a PDF workflow:

  • Click DirectPDF to generate PDF output in the browser. This is the default option.

  • Click PDFtoFolder to generate and save PDF files to a folder. Click Select/Browse to specify a location for the folder in the Watched Folder field.

  • Click PS4D (PostScript File for Later Distilling) to generate a PostScript file. Click Select/Browse to specify a location for the folder in the Watched Folder field.

Use this pane to set the desired PDF output style. Choose from the following output styles:

  • Default PDF Output Style

  • Print - Medium Quality/Medium Resolution

  • PDF/X-1a:2001

  • PDF/X-3:2002

  • Press - High Quality/High Resolution

  • Print - Medium Quality/Medium Resolution

  • Screen - Low Quality/Low Resolution

  • Screen - Medium Quality/Low Resolution

Use this pane to specify the folder path for the distiller error log file. The path is used by the PDFFilter XTension software to create the log file to log the errors that occur during the distillation process.

The default path to the log file is <users>/Documents. If you choose to change the default, the log folder specified must be a pre-existing folder on the system.

Preferences — Project General Settings

The Project General Settings pane (Administration > Preferences > Renderer > Project General Settings) includes the following controls.

Check Use OpenType Kerning to activate the default kerning values for OpenType fonts. When OpenType kerning is active, it overrides any kerning specified through Kerning Table Edit (Utilities menu) for OpenType fonts.

To disable OpenType kerning for full-width characters, check Do Not Kern Full Width Characters.

Preferences — Print Layout Settings

The Print Layout Settings pane (Administration > Preferences > Renderer > Print Layout Settings) includes the following controls.

Use the Master Page Items drop-down menu to control what happens to master items when master pages are applied.

  • Click Keep Changes if you intend modified master items on your layout pages to remain when a new master page is applied. The items that are kept are no longer master items.

  • Click Delete Changes if you want modified master items on your layout pages to be deleted when a new master page is applied.

Use the Framing drop-down menu to specify whether frames are placed inside or outside text and picture boxes.

  • When you click Inside, the distance between the text and the frame is determined by the box's Text Inset values (Item > Modify). When you place a frame inside a picture box, the frame overlaps the picture.

  • When you click Outside, the frame is placed outside the box, increasing the box's width and height. The frame cannot extend beyond a constraining box or the pasteboard.

Use the Auto Page Insertion drop-down menu (Print layouts only) to determine whether pages are inserted automatically to contain text overflow from an automatic text box or a chain of text boxes (on a page associated with a master page that contains an automatic text box). The drop-down menu also enables you to determine where any pages will be inserted.

Preferences — Print Layout Measurements

The Print Layout Measurements pane (Administration > Preferences > Renderer > Default Print Layout Measurements) includes the following controls.

Use the Horizontal and Vertical drop-down menus to specify the measurement system for the rulers displayed along the top and left of the layout window. Horizontal corresponds to the top ruler; Vertical corresponds to the left ruler.

Use the Points/Inch field to override the default value of 72 points per inch. The application uses the value here as the basis for all point and pica measurements, as well as for all point- and pica-to-inch conversions. The desktop publishing standard for points per inch is 72. However, the traditional typographic standard used on most metal typographic rulers is usually approximately 72.27 or 72.307 points per inch (range = 60 to 80 pt, measurement system = points, smallest increment = .001).

Use the Ciceros/cm field to specify a ciceros-to-centimeter conversion value different from the standard 2.1967 (range = 2 to 3 c, measurement system = ciceros, smallest increment = .001).

Preferences — Paragraph

The Paragraph pane (Administration > Preferences > Renderer > Paragraph) includes the following controls.

Use the Auto Leading feature to automatically set line spacing. Unlike paragraphs with absolute leading (identical line spacing above every line), paragraphs with auto leading may include lines with different leading when fonts and font sizes are mixed in the same paragraph.

Auto leading starts with a base amount of leading, which the application calculates by examining the ascent and descent values built into the fonts used in an auto-leaded line and the line above it; however, the user-specified text size plays the largest part in determining this base amount. Finally, a value specified by the user in the Auto Leading field is added to the base amount to arrive at the total amount of leading.

To specify percentage-based auto leading, enter a value from 0% to 100% in 1% increments. This value determines the amount of leading between two lines of text as follows: The largest font size in the line above is multiplied by the percentage value. This outcome is added to the base amount of auto leading between the two lines. Although the design of certain fonts complicates the process, here is a simplified example: 10-point text styled consistently in a "standard" font with Auto Leading set to 20% has 12 points of leading (10 pts + [20% of 10] = 12 pts).

Use the Maintain Leading check box to control the placement of a line of text that falls immediately below an obstruction in a column or box. If Maintain Leading is checked, the line's baseline is placed according to its applied leading value. If Maintain Leading is unchecked, the ascent of the line will abut the bottom of the obstruction or any applied runaround value.

In the Lock to Grid Based On area:

  • Click Ascent and Descent to lock text to grid based on the ascenders and descenders of characters.

  • Click Font Size (Em Box) to lock text to grid based on the size of the em boxes of the characters.

Preferences — Character

The Character pane (Administration > Preferences > Renderer > Character) includes the following controls.

Use the Superscript fields to control the placement and scale (size) of superscript characters. The Superscript Offset value determines how far below the baseline the application places a superscript character. The Superscript Offset value is measured as a percentage of font size. The default value is 33%. The Superscript VScale value determines the vertical size of the character and is a percentage of font size. The Superscript HScale value determines width and is a percentage of the normal character width (as specified by the font designer). The default value for both scales is 60% (range = 0 to 100%, measurement system = percentage, smallest increment = .1).

Use the Subscript fields to control the placement and scale (size) of subscript characters. The Subscript Offset value determines how far above the baseline the application places a subscript character. The Subscript Offset value is measured as a percentage of font size. The default value is 33%. The Subscript VScale value determines the vertical size of the character and is a percentage of font size. The Subscript HScale value determines width and is a percentage of the normal character width (as specified by the font designer). The default value for both scales is 100% (range = 0 to 100%, measurement system = percentage, smallest increment = .1).

Use the Small Caps fields to control the scale of characters with the Small Caps type style applied to them. The Small Caps VScale value determines the vertical size of the character and is measured as a percentage of font size. The Small Caps HScale value determines width and is measured as a percentage of the normal character width (as specified by the font designer). The default value for both scales is 75% (range = 0 to 100%, measurement system = percentage, smallest increment = .1).

Use the Superior fields to control the scale of superior characters. The Superior VScale value determines the vertical size of the character and is measured as a percentage of font size. The Superior HScale value determines width and is measured as a percentage of the normal character width (as specified by the font designer). The default value for both scales is 60% (range = 0 to 100%, measurement system = percentage, smallest increment = .1).

Use the Ligatures Break Above field to use ligatures built into a font. A ligature is a typographic convention in which certain characters are combined into a single glyph. Most fonts contain ligatures for the characters "f" followed by "i" and "f" followed by "l". The Ligatures Break Above field enables you to specify the kerning or tracking value (measured in 1/200 em space increments) above which characters will not be combined into ligatures. For example, a headline with a large tracking value would probably not contain ligatures. The default value is 1 (range = 0 to 10, measurement system = .005 [1/200] em space, smallest increment = .001). To prevent the second two letters in "ffi" and "ffl" (as in office and waffle) from being combined into ligatures, check Not "ffi" or "ffl". Three-character ligatures for these combinations, common in traditional typesetting systems, are not standardized in fonts designed for macOSmacOS, so some typographers prefer to keep all three letters separate rather than combine only two of them. Note that many PostScript fonts do not have "ffi" and "ffl" ligatures, but most OpenType fonts do. This option is unchecked by default.

Check Auto Kern to specify that the application should use kerning tables, which are built into most fonts, to control intercharacter spacing. The Auto Kern Above field enables you to specify the point size above which automatic kerning must be used. The Auto Kern Above feature also implements custom tracking information specified in the Tracking Values dialog box for a selected font (Utilities > Edit Tracking) in QuarkXPress. This option is checked by default, with a 4-point threshold (range = 0 to 72 pt, measurement system = various [", pt, cm, etc.], smallest increment = .001).

Check Standard Em Space to specify an em-space equivalent to the point size of the text (for example, 24pt text has a 24pt em space). If Standard Em Space is unchecked, the application uses the width of the two zeros in the current font as the em-space width. This option is checked by default. You can insert an em space in text by pressing Option+space/Ctrl+Shift+6.

Use the Flex Space Width field to change the 50% default width of a flexible space. To create a breaking flexible space, press Option+Shift+space/Ctrl+Shift+5; to create a nonbreaking flexible space, press Command+Option+Shift+space/Ctrl+Alt+Shift+5. The Flex Space Width value is expressed as a percentage of the normal en space for a given font and font size (range = 0 to 400%, measurement system = percentage, smallest increment = .1).

Use the Accents for All Caps check box to specify whether to include accent marks on accented characters with the All Caps type style applied. This option is checked by default.

Use the Space between CJK & R field to indicate how much space should be included by default between a Chinese, Japanese, or Korean character and an adjacent Roman character.

Preferences — Trapping

The Trapping pane (Administration > Preferences > Renderer > Trapping) includes the following controls.

Select a Trapping Method:

  • Click Absolute to trap using the values in the Auto Amount and Indeterminate fields according to the object and background colors involved. If the object color is darker, the object is choked by the background using the Auto Amount value. If the object color is lighter, the object is spread into the background using the Auto Amount value.

  • Click Proportional to trap using the value in the Auto Amount field multiplied by the difference between the luminance (lightness or brightness) of the object color and the background color.

  • Click Knockout All to turn off trapping and print objects with a zero trap amount.

Check Process Trapping to trap each process separation plate individually when a page contains overlapping process colors.

Check Ignore White to specify that an object color in front of multiple background colors (including white) does not take white into account when trapping.

Enter a trapping value in the Auto Amount field or choose Overprint:

  • Enter a value in the Auto Amount field to control the amount of trapping that QuarkXPress applies to object and background colors that have an Auto Amount specified in the Trap Specifications dialog box (Edit > Colors > Edit Trap), and to control the amount of trapping applied to items with an Auto Amount (+) Trap Information or (–) specified in the Trap Information palette (Window > Trap Information).

  • Choose Overprint to cause overprinting for object and background colors with an Auto Amount specified in the Trap Specifications dialog box (Edit > Colors > Edit Trap), as well as for items with an Auto Amount (+) or (–) specified in the Trap Information palette (Window > Trap Information).

Enter a trapping value in the Indeterminate field or choose Overprint:

  • Enter a value in the Indeterminate field to control the amount of trapping that QuarkXPress applies to object colors that are in front of indeterminate backgrounds (multiple colors with conflicting trapping relationships).

  • Choose Overprint to cause an object color to overprint an indeterminate background.

Enter a Knockout Limit value. The knockout limit is the value (expressed as a percentage of darkness of the object color) that enables you to control the point at which an object color knocks out a background color.

Enter an Overprint Limit value. Overprint limit is a trapping setting that allows an object set to overprint to trap according to the Auto Amount value if the object's shade is less than a particular percentage.

Preferences — Color Manager

The Color Manager pane (Administration > Preferences > Renderer > Color Manager) includes the following controls.

To specify an engine for color transformation, choose an option from the Color Engine drop-down menu.

To achieve the darkest possible blacks in all output methods, check Black Point Compensation.

Use the Source Setup drop-down menu to specify the source color space of pictures and colors used in the application.

To enable the Profile Information command in the Window menu and the Color Management tab in the Import Picture dialog box, check Enable Access to Picture Profiles. This option allows you to view information about profiles.

To specify a default proof output setup, choose an option from the Proof Output drop-down menu.

To specify a rendering intent for soft proofing, choose an option from the Rendering Intent drop-down list. Perceptual scales all the colors in the source gamut so that they all fit within the destination gamut. Relative Colorimetric retains colors that are in both the source gamut and the destination gamut. The only source colors that are changed are those that are not within the destination gamut. Saturation considers the saturation of source colors and changes them to colors with the same relative saturation in the destination gamut. Absolute Colorimetric retains colors that are in both the source gamut and the destination gamut. Colors that are outside the destination gamut are adjusted in relation to how they would look when printed on white paper. Defined by Sources uses the rendering intents defined in source setup for all colors and images.

To color manage vector content in imported EPS and PDF files, check Color Manage Vector EPS/PDF. Note that this preference applies only to EPS and PDF files imported after this box is checked.

To color manage vector content in EPS and PDF files that have already been imported in the active project, check Include Existing Vector EPS/PDF in Layout.

Preferences — Layers

The Layers pane (Administration > Preferences > Renderer > Layers) has the following controls.

To make new layers visible by default, check Visible.

To suppress the printout of new layers by default, check Suppress Output.

To make new layers locked by default, check Locked.

To maintain runaround on new layers so that text on visible layers flows around items on hidden layers, click Keep Runaround.

Preferences — Kindle

Use the Kindle pane (Administration > Preferences > Renderer > Kindle) to specify the location of the KindleGen tool, which is required for Kindle output.

To get a free copy of KindleGen, visit https://kdp.amazon.com/self-publishing/help?topicId=A3IWA2TQYMZ5J6.

Preferences — Modifier

Use the Modifier pane (Administration > Preferences > Renderer > Modifier) to control whether and where errors are displayed in rendered layouts.

To include descriptions of rendering errors in the layout, check Annotate errors in the Output Document. (For more information, see "annotateerrors.") In rendered QuarkXPress files, errors are displayed as notes. In rendered PDFs, errors are displayed as comments. In XML output, errors are displayed as notes XML markup.

To append descriptions of rendering errors after the last page, check Append errors into the Output Document. (For more information, see "appenderrors.") Descriptions of rendering errors are formatted in 10-point magenta Arial.

Job Jackets dialog box

The Job Jackets dialog box lets you edit the Job Jackets file used by QuarkXPress Server. To edit the QuarkXPress Server Job Jackets file:

  1. In the QuarkXPress Server Web interface, choose Administration > Job Jackets. The Manage Job Jacket dialog box displays.

  2. Click the Get Job Jacket for editing button and save the Job Jackets file to the desktop.

  3. Open the downloaded Job Jackets file in QuarkXPress and make any necessary changes to the QXPSJobTicket Job Ticket.

  4. In the Job Jacket dialog box, click Choose File and select the modified Job Jackets file.

  5. Click Submit. The QuarkXPress Server Job Jackets file is replaced with the modified version.

App Studio preferences

The AppStudio dialog box lets you specify credentials and proxy settings so that QuarkXPress Server can upload HTML5 App Studio articles to the App Studio Publishing Portal. Enter your App Studio Publishing Portal user name and password, then enter the proxy settings for your proxy server (if any).

Check Out License dialog box

To check the QuarkXPress Server license out of Quark License Administrator, choose Administration > Check Out License. To specify the number of days for checkout, enter a value in days in the Check out for field. To be warned in advance of license expiration, check Warn me and use the corresponding fields.